Kutná Hora

Kutná Hora, a UNESCO World Heritage town

Because of its picturesque look, Kutná Hora is often called “The Pearl in The UNESCO Necklace“. The historical centre of the town, St. Barbara´s Cathedral, and the Cathedral of Assumption of Our Lady in Sedlec were inscribed in the UNESCO World Cultural and Heritage List in December 1995.

The presence of silver mines and the royal mint turned Kutná Hora into the second most important royal town after Prague during medieval times. Even today, you can learn Kutna Hora´s silver secrets in the Czech Museum of Silver, in the medieval silver mine (which you can visit), or in the former royal mint in the Italian Court. In the town, you will also find the legendary Ossuary – a bone church decorated with bones from more than 60.000 people.

Although history walks through the streets of Kutná Hora, even fans of modern art will find their places of interest, especially in the Gallery of Central Bohemian Region, which is located in the former Jesuit College.

This unique town is located just 70 km from Prague (1 hour by car or train).

Discover its charm!

There are many legends about the origins of Kutná Hora. One of the legends from the 15th century talks about a monk Antonius from the Sedlec monastery. He found three silver rods and covered them with his cowl (which is called “kutna” in Czech), which explains the name “Kutna” Hora (Hora means mountain).

The beginning of mining in Kutná Hora is believed to have started around 1280. The area with its silver ore was gradually becoming the economic centre and an later a royal town with all the rights issued by the kings of Bohemia.

The historical centre of the town was declared an urban conservation area in 1961. It includes 319 cultural monuments and two national cultural monuments. The reason for inscribing the town in the UNESCO World Cultural and Heritage List was the unique medieval area with the dominant of two cathedral buildings, gothic churches and rich burgers´ houses as the evidence of history of mining activities and prosperity of mines in central Europe.